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1. Anosmia in elderly
Anosmia in geriatric age group is really common. Statistically speaking about 15% of geriatric population are anosmic. Anosmia in geriatric age group has disastrous consequences, including safety hazard. It affects the food preferences and nutritional status of the already compromised population. The absolute odor sensitivity as well as sensitivity to ...

2. Can the presence of Biofilms be identified under ...
Centers for disease control and prevention estimate that about 65% of human bacterial infectious processes involve biofilms. Biofilm is a group of bacteria seen over surface epithelium like mucous membrane, enclosed within a matrix of extracellular polysaccharide material. The presence of this biofilm has been implicated in the following chronic ...

3. Role of physiological saline in the management of ...
Introduction: The pharyngeal end of eustachean tube is normally closed. It usually opens temporarily during swallowing and yawning during which time middle ear drainage and pressure equalisation takes place. Abnormalities involving this opening mechanism may lead to middle ear pathologies like otitis media with effusion. Patulous eustachean tube is a ...

4. Castellani solution and its use in the management ...
Introduction: Castellani solution (paint) is an old medication used in the treatment of granular myringitis. It was used in the treatment of fungal infections of skin.

5. Sonotubometry and its role in assessing the functional ...
Sonotubometry is based on the principle that sound when applied to the nasopharyngeal ostium of eustachean tube will be conducted through the eustachean tube into the middle ear when it opens. This concept was first conceived durning the 19th century. It has undergone lot of changes like introduction of better ...

6. Effects of sectioning chorda tympani nerve during middle ...
The chorda tympani nerve courses through the middle ear cavity. It is hence under risk during middle ear surgical procedures. Initially studies have demonstrated that unilateral injury to this nerve just caused transient taste disturbances in the anterior 2/3 of the tongue. Progressively the alternate pathways of of taste take ...

7. How to do a perfect otoscopy
Otoscopy is a procedure by which the external auditory canal and the ear drum of a patient is examined. The art of doing a perfect otoscopic examination lies in straightening the external auditory canal in order to visualize the ear drum in toto. The following equipments are used in this ...

8. Prosper Meniere an apostle of humility
Prosper Meniere in whose memory the classic Meniere's disease has been christened was an interesting personality. A study of his life history and personality makes an interesting reading. Prosper Meniere described clearly the symptoms of Meniere's disease. Even now the description of Meniere's of this disorder holds good. Very little ...

9. Labyrinthitis ossificans
The human bony labyrinth is composed of endosteal, enchondral and perisoteal layers. The endosteal layer consists of bone lined with a single layer of cells that have numerous gaps separating them. This layer is significantly thin. The enchondral layer is rather unique in that it reaches the adult size by ...

10. Laryngeal mask airway
Laryngeal mask was developed in 1980's, and recently is being used extensively in emergency medicine. It affords excellent ventilation without going through the normal intubation process and visualization of laryngeal inlet. It should be considered as a supraglottic airway management device. It can be introduced even by an emergency technician ...

11. Taste disturbances following tonsillectomy
Tonsillectomy is a commonly performed surgical procedures these days. Even though it has its own set of complications, disturbance in taste following surgery should be considered rare. This article tries to dwell into the possible causes of taste disturbance following tonsillectomy. Tonsillectomy is a commonly performed surgery these days. It ...

12. Increased incidence of neck pain in the First ...
Introduction: Studies performed by Siriluck Kanchanomai etal have managed to unravel the reasons behind the increasing incidence of neck pain among first and second year under graduate students. The incidence seems to be alarmingly high when compared with the control group.

13. The smallest hearing aid manufactured so far "Siemens ...
Siemens has developed the smallest hearing aid so far. It snugly fits into the external ear and is not visible even to the discerning eye. Since this device fits into the ear canal snugly it needs to be customized according to the individual requirements. It is also costly as it ...

14. Is there any link between nasal polyposis and ...
European Rhinological society guidelines suggest that Chronic rhinosinusitis without nasal polypi and chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polpi are two different entitiesbecause mechanisms involved are different and hence management also differs. Gleaning various research papers published in this topic the following generalizations can safely be made. 1. Nasal polyposis affect 2-5% ...

15. Endoscopic assessment of eustachean tube function
Introduction: The eustachean tube connects the middle ear cavity with atmospheric air. It thus plays an important role in ventilating the middle ear cavity, clearing the secretions from the middle ear cavity. It also plays a vital role in protecting the middle ear cavity from the nasopharyneal secretions. Anatomically the ...

16. Microdebrider assisted tonsillectomy has the lowest complication rates
Introduction: Tonsillectomy is being performed using various techniques which ranges from conventional cold tonsillectomy to the most modern microdebrider technique. Study conducted in Alexandria managed to compare the complication rates between the various tonsillectomy procedures. Tonsillectomy procedures compared include the conventional cold instrument tonsillectomy, coablation tonsillectomy, laser tonsillectomy, tonsillectomy using ...

17. Novel way of cauterizing Little's area bleed
Many a time we would have faced problems cauterizing a Little's area bleed. This is basically due to the use of nasal speculum which obscures the field and also keeps one hand occupied. Bray in his " How I do it" describes how he put to use the Mallet spint.

18. Pediatric Obesity Linked to Otitis Media With effusion
Study published in April issue of the Archives of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery. links childhood obesity to chronic otitis media with effusion. Studies have demonstrated that these patients in addition to otitis media with effusion also had taste disturbances involving the anterior third of the tongue. Sensation to sweet and ...

19. Consumption of Hot Tea / Coffee reduces risk ...
Introduction: Infections due to Methicllin resistant staphyloccous aureus is the reason for a great number of hospital based nosocomial infections. Because of their resistance to antibiotics they carry an increased risk of morbidity and mortality. Studies conducted by Eric M Matheson etal has reported that the incidence of nasal carrier ...

20. Vandetanib gets FDA approval for the treatment of ...
Vandetanib has been approved by FDA for use in patients with advanced Medullary carcinoma thyroid who are not fit enough to undergo abalative surgical procedures. Vandetanib has its own share of complications which include: 1. Nausea 2. Elevated blood pressure 3. Headache 4. Loss of appetite 5. Abdominal pain 6. ...

21. HERMES C. GRILLO Thoracic surgeon unparallel
Hermes C Grillo regarded as the father of modern Tracheal surgery Professor of Surgery Emeritus at Harvard Medical School. He died in an auto mobile accident in October 2006. Born in 1923 he devised many original tracheal surgical procedures. He also published close to 350 scientific articles on this subject.

22. Minimally invasive surgery in the nasal valve area ...
Mink defined nasal valve area to be the narrowest portion of the whole of the nasal cavity. He characterized this area anatomically as a two dimensional slit like opening lying between the caudal edge of the upper lateral cartilage and the corresponding area of the nasal septum. Deformities involving this ...

23. Chemosensory elements of nasal cavity
It is common knowledge that nasal cavity is capable of olfaction. The primary sense of olfaction is really primitive phylogenetically and is perceived by the first cranial nerve i.e. olfactory nerve. Introduction: It is common knowledge that nasal cavity is capable of olfaction. The primary sense of olfaction is really ...

24. The Negative Impact Of Depression Following Endoscopic Sinus ...
Depression has a vital role to play in patient satisfaction following endoscopic sinus surgery for sinus infections. FESS is usually performed in patients who dont respond to conventional medical management and are symptomatic leading to a drop in the quality of life, prolonged absenteeism from work etc. The impact of ...

25. Sonotubometry and its role in assessing the functional ...
Sonotubometry is based on the principle that sound when applied to the nasopharyngeal ostium of eustachean tube will be conducted through the eustachean tube into the middle ear when it opens. This concept was first conceived durning the 19th century. It has undergone lot of changes like introduction of better ...

26. Welcome to otolaryngology e news
Welcome to drtbalu's otolaryngology e news. This site will attempt to bring all news pertaining to otolaryngology right to your desktop. This site will cover the news related to the developments that are taking place in the field of otolaryngology. Please to keep visiting this site on a regular basis ...

27. Minimally invasive surgery in the nasal valve area ...
Mink defined nasal valve area to be the narrowest portion of the whole of the nasal cavity. He anatomically characterized this area anatomically as a two dimensional slit like opening lying between the caudal edge of the upper lateral cartilage and the corresponding area of the nasal septum. Deformities involving ...