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1. Role of physiological saline in the management of ...
Introduction: The pharyngeal end of eustachean tube is normally closed. It usually opens temporarily during swallowing and yawning during which time middle ear drainage and pressure equalisation takes place. Abnormalities involving this opening mechanism may lead to middle ear pathologies like otitis media with effusion. Patulous eustachean tube is a ...

2. Castellani solution and its use in the management ...
Introduction: Castellani solution (paint) is an old medication used in the treatment of granular myringitis. It was used in the treatment of fungal infections of skin.

3. Effects of sectioning chorda tympani nerve during middle ...
The chorda tympani nerve courses through the middle ear cavity. It is hence under risk during middle ear surgical procedures. Initially studies have demonstrated that unilateral injury to this nerve just caused transient taste disturbances in the anterior 2/3 of the tongue. Progressively the alternate pathways of of taste take ...

4. How to do a perfect otoscopy
Otoscopy is a procedure by which the external auditory canal and the ear drum of a patient is examined. The art of doing a perfect otoscopic examination lies in straightening the external auditory canal in order to visualize the ear drum in toto. The following equipments are used in this ...

5. Prosper Meniere an apostle of humility
Prosper Meniere in whose memory the classic Meniere's disease has been christened was an interesting personality. A study of his life history and personality makes an interesting reading. Prosper Meniere described clearly the symptoms of Meniere's disease. Even now the description of Meniere's of this disorder holds good. Very little ...

6. Labyrinthitis ossificans
The human bony labyrinth is composed of endosteal, enchondral and perisoteal layers. The endosteal layer consists of bone lined with a single layer of cells that have numerous gaps separating them. This layer is significantly thin. The enchondral layer is rather unique in that it reaches the adult size by ...

7. The smallest hearing aid manufactured so far "Siemens ...
Siemens has developed the smallest hearing aid so far. It snugly fits into the external ear and is not visible even to the discerning eye. Since this device fits into the ear canal snugly it needs to be customized according to the individual requirements. It is also costly as it ...

8. Endoscopic assessment of eustachean tube function
Introduction: The eustachean tube connects the middle ear cavity with atmospheric air. It thus plays an important role in ventilating the middle ear cavity, clearing the secretions from the middle ear cavity. It also plays a vital role in protecting the middle ear cavity from the nasopharyneal secretions. Anatomically the ...

9. Pediatric Obesity Linked to Otitis Media With effusion
Study published in April issue of the Archives of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery. links childhood obesity to chronic otitis media with effusion. Studies have demonstrated that these patients in addition to otitis media with effusion also had taste disturbances involving the anterior third of the tongue. Sensation to sweet and ...

10. Sonotubometry and its role in assessing the functional ...
Sonotubometry is based on the principle that sound when applied to the nasopharyngeal ostium of eustachean tube will be conducted through the eustachean tube into the middle ear when it opens. This concept was first conceived durning the 19th century. It has undergone lot of changes like introduction of better ...